One of the most important joints in the human body and allowing us to walk, run, and jump, the hip is "ball-and-socket" joint. The socket is formed by the acetabulum, part of the large pelvis bone and the ball is formed by the femoral head.Functionally, the hip joint enjoys a very high range of motion, the ball-and-socket structure of the joint allows the femur to circumduct freely through a 360-degree circle. Surrounding the hip joint are many tough ligaments that prevent the dislocation of the joint. If a knee or hip joint breaks in an accident or wears out in old age, a surgeon can replace it with a ball-and-socket joint made from metal and plastic and engineered in such a way that it will duplicate the motions of a human joint. The strong muscles of the hip region also help in holding the hip joint together and preventing dislocation. The surfaces of the ball and socket are covered with articular cartilage, a smooth, slippery substance that protects and cushions the bones and enables them to move easily.
Hip Pain - Overview
Hip is known as a ball and socket joint. It is a strong joint which moves the most compared to the other joints. Hip joints are covered by strong muscles known as tendons. The muscles, ligaments, tendons and other soft tissue damage can also lead to hip pain. Hip pain can be caused due to many problems. Problems within the hip joint can create pain in and around hip region.
Specific hip conditions
Some of the specific hip conditions include
- Paget’s disease of bone
- Hip fractures
- Other types of arthritis
- Soft tissue conditions such as lateral hip pain and tendon issues
- Femoroacetabular impingement
Exercises for hip pain
The best exercises for hip pain includes
- Water exercises such as swimming and water walking where the patient walks in the water which reduces the pressure on hips as the person floats
- Biking or cycling which is a low impact exercise that puts less strain on hips as the person sits while cycling
- Walking is not usually recommended but the patient can walk using a cane or walker to apply body pressure on it rather than the hips
Hip Pain: Causes and Treatment
Hip pain can be caused due to various reasons.
The treatment for hip pain depends on the problem of the patient. Proper and thorough medical check-up is necessary before prescribing the treatment. Muscular trauma may require rest while a fracture would need more intensive care or surgery, if necessary.
Signs of hip problems
Signs that denote hip pain are as follows:
- Trauma to the hip due to a fall, kick or twist
- Sciatica pain
- Inflammation around the hip area
What are symptoms of arthritis in the hip?
Symptoms of Hip Arthritis are as follows:
- Hip pain, including pain in the groin, buttocks or outer thigh
- Pain in the morning which lessens as the day progresses
- Difficulty in walking
- Stiffness in the hip
- Limited motion in the hips
Is walking good for arthritis of the hips?
Walking is not recommended for people who suffer from arthritis. If at all the patient needs to walk, they can take the support of a cane or walker to do so. Rather than putting pressure on the hips, if walker is used, the pressure will go into it and not onto the hips.
What is the best treatment for arthritis in the hip?
Treatment for hip arthritis depends on different factors including overall health, preferences and age of the patient. Non-surgical treatment methods include
- Corticosteroid injections
- Anti-inflammatory medications
- Using walkers or canes to walk
Besides these treatments, making some lifestyle modifications can also reduce the visible symptoms. This includes
- Reducing stress on hip
- Hip exercises to build strength
- Maintaining a healthy weight